Is gluten different in Italy?

Uncover the mysteries of gluten in Italy - is it really different? Delve into the history, culture, and culinary traditions surrounding this controversial grain.

Is gluten different in Italy?

Is gluten different in Italy?

Imagine this: you love food, but food doesn't always love you back, especially when it comes to gluten.

That's been my story for as long as I can remember, living in the States.

Every slice of pizza or bowl of pasta seemed to be a gamble with my stomach. But then, I took a trip to Europe, and something amazing happened.

In Italy, I indulged in all the pasta, bread, and pastries I could find, expecting the usual upset stomach troubles. But they never came.

It was like a food lover's dream! I felt great, enjoying every bite without worry. Yet, when I returned home, it was back to reality. The first pasta dish I tried hit me hard, just like before.

It got me thinking – why was eating in Italy so different?

This blog is about that mystery. It's my journey to find out why gluten in Italy didn't bother me, but here in the States, it's a whole different story.

What is gluten and what does it do?

Imagine the perfect taste and texture you experience when eating your favorite bread, pasta, and even that irresistible slice of pizza!

This culinary magic, my friends, is all thanks to a little something known as gluten.

 Gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye, is the secret behind the elasticity and structure of these beloved foods.


What is gluten? 

It acts like a glue, holding everything together, giving dough its stretchy texture, allowing it to rise, and maintaining its shape.

When we bite into a warm, freshly baked loaf of bread, it's gluten that rewards us with that satisfying chewy mouthfeel we all crave.


What does gluten do?


 But here's where the plot thickens.

For those with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity, this unassuming protein plays the villain.

In our bodies, gluten can trigger an immune response that's far from pleasant, turning what should be a delightful dining experience into a health challenge.

This reaction is not just a small hiccup but a significant concern for many of us who value good whole foods that leave us feeling good and are easy to digest.

Is gluten different in Italy?

Now, let's talk about and finally answer the question you came here for:

Is gluten different in Italy and is that why I feel better eating gluten free there?

The answer is a resounding YES!


Is gluten different in Italy?


Italy respects their wheat and process of pasta making so much more than in the states.

The celiacs are the only ones who truly need to be gluten free and eat gluten free food.

Whereas in the states with all the enrichment, sulfites, bleaching, unnatural levenain etc. this is what causes so many people to have issues that aren't directly because of gluten itself …so yes gluten IS different in Italy!

Each of these processes affects and alters the gluten.

I want you to make this important association with Italy and gluten.

Italians do not really choose to simply be gluten free, they only make this choice if they are celiac and actually cannot eat gluten.

Now let us dive into all the facts and queries you may have as to why gluten is different!

What is the difference between celiac disease & gluten intolerance?

When it comes to gluten, not all reactions are created equal.

In the realm of gluten-related disorders, two terms often get tossed around: celiac disease and gluten intolerance.

Though they may seem similar to the untrained eye, they are, in fact, as different as Venice and Florence in their intricate details.

What is Celiac Disease?

Let's start with celiac disease, a condition as complex and profound as Italy's ancient history.

It's an autoimmune disorder where the body's immune system, usually the protector, turns into an aggressor against its own tissues.


What is celiac disease?


When someone with celiac disease consumes gluten, it sparks an autoimmune reaction that damages the small intestine's lining.

This damage impairs nutrient absorption and can lead to a cascade of health problems – it's not just a matter of discomfort but a serious health concern.

What is gluten intolerance?

On the other side, we have gluten intolerance, sometimes known as non-celiac gluten sensitivity.

Picture this as a less intense but still a challenging road, akin to navigating the beautiful but winding streets of Rome!

In gluten intolerance, the body has a response to gluten that can cause symptoms similar to celiac disease – abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea – but without the autoimmune intestinal damage.


What is gluten intolerance?


It's more of a reaction than an internal battle.

The difference lies in the response.

In celiac disease, gluten leads to a harmful immune reaction damaging the intestine. In gluten intolerance, the reaction is uncomfortable but less severe, with no damage to the gut lining.

Understanding this distinction is important because it is crucial for diagnosis and treatment!

For our health-conscious friends who are keen on understanding their bodies and the foods they eat, this knowledge is the key to a better, healthier life.

Is wheat different in Italy?

When we delve into the intricacies of wheat cultivation and processing in Italy compared to the U.S., several key differences emerge, shedding light on why wheat and its gluten content might feel different across these two regions.

1. Gluten Content:

In the U.S., about 60% of the wheat grown is hard red wheat, which is high in protein, predominantly gluten.

This high gluten content is a significant factor in why American wheat products might be harder to digest for those with sensitivities.

Conversely, in Europe, the majority of wheat is soft wheat, lower in proteins and thus lower in gluten content.

This difference in gluten concentration can greatly affect digestibility and the overall impact on people with gluten sensitivities.

2. Use of Herbicides:

American wheat is often treated with glyphosate, a herbicide used to dry out and prepare the wheat crop for harvest.

This chemical, found in products like Roundup, can disrupt gut bacteria and potentially impact the immune system and microbiome.

 In Europe, the use of glyphosate is less common and even banned or heavily restricted in some countries. The reduced use of such chemicals in European wheat cultivation could contribute to differences in how the body reacts to these wheat products.

3. Soil Composition and Growing Methods:

The soil type and growing conditions play a crucial role in determining the quality of wheat. American wheat is typically grown in sulfur-deficient soils, found in states like Kansas, Washington, and North Dakota. The lack of sulfur can increase the amount of gliadin (a gluten protein) in wheat, making it more allergenic.

In contrast, European wheat, often grown in different soil conditions, may have varying gliadin levels, potentially making it less reactive.

4. Lifestyle Factors:

Additionally, lifestyle factors during travel, such as increased physical activity and reduced stress, can also influence how our bodies react to gluten. Walking more and experiencing less stress, as often happens on European vacations, can improve digestion and overall well-being.


Is wheat different in Italy?


In summary, while wheat itself may not be inherently different due to geographic location, factors like gluten content, agricultural practices (including herbicide use), soil composition, and lifestyle aspects play a significant role in the differences experienced in wheat and gluten products between Italy and the U.S.

Processing Differences in Wheat and Their Impact

Another few key factors that set Italian wheat apart from its counterparts in other countries, especially the U.S., is the method of processing.

These methods can significantly influence the wheat's quality, its gluten structure, and ultimately, its impact on individuals with gluten sensitivities.

1. Refining:

Refining is a process where the bran and germ are removed from the wheat kernel, leaving mostly the endosperm.

This process is more prevalent in the U.S. and results in flour that is finer and has a longer shelf life but is also stripped of many nutrients and fibers.

In Italy, there's a greater emphasis on using whole wheat, which retains more of the natural nutrients and fiber.

The presence of these components in the flour can aid in digestion and potentially reduce the inflammatory response that refined wheat might provoke.

2. Extrusion:

Extrusion, a high-temperature, high-pressure process used to shape and texture pasta, is often used in the production of processed wheat products like cereals and snacks.

This process can denature proteins, including gluten, which may alter its digestive properties.

Italian wheat processing, often characterized by more traditional methods, tends to avoid such harsh treatments, preserving the natural state of the gluten proteins in your pasta.

3. Fast Drying:

Fast drying, commonly used in pasta production, can alter the protein structure in wheat, making it less digestible.

In contrast, traditional Italian pasta-making often involves slow drying at lower temperatures. This method maintains the integrity of the wheat protein, potentially making it more digestible and less likely to trigger gluten sensitivity symptoms.

In the end wheat cultivation and processing in Italy compared to the U.S has several differences which could all be contributing to wheat being very different in Italy vs the U.S.

What is a food matrix and how does it affect gluten digestibility?

As someone who loves food, I could never understand why pasta and breads simply made my body feel different.

It hit me years ago during a dinner party at my home in the States. I remember serving a gourmet whole wheat pasta dish, expecting a night of laughter and good food.

 Instead, what followed was an evening of discomfort and a realization of my body's struggle with gluten.

This experience stayed with me, a stark reminder of the unseen complexities in our food, leading me to wonder about the real reasons behind my gluten sensitivity.

To truly understand gluten digestibility, we need to delve into the concept of the food matrix.


 Food Matrix defined


Envision each bite of food as a tiny universe, a delicate and intricate web where proteins, carbohydrates, and fibers come together.

The food matrix plays a pivotal role in how our bodies break down and assimilate gluten free foods.

Think of gluten like the glue that holds the food matrix together!

 In individuals with gluten sensitivity, like many of us, this concept is critical.

The food matrix can significantly affect digestion. When this matrix is disrupted, for example, through the refining of wheat or the addition of extra gluten to improve texture, it can make gluten harder to digest.

This disruption can turn a potentially nutritious meal into a source of discomfort and digestive distress.


Food Matrix and Gluten Digestibility


Consider the reconstructed food matrices – akin to a patchwork quilt made from processed flours and additives.

These might imitate the real thing but often fall short in nutritional value and digestibility compared to whole grain counterparts.

According to a research paper published by Food Function, research emphasizes the crucial role of the food matrix in the digestive and metabolic fate of grain products.

The study argues for a shift toward a holistic paradigm in nutrition, emphasizing the importance of preserving and processing grain products in ways that improve their health effects.

This includes attention to the physical characteristics and physico-chemical properties of the food matrix, which condition the health effects of food products.

In the context of gluten, particularly in Italian cuisine, this means the food matrix in traditional dishes like pasta, made from durum wheat, differs substantially from the highly processed wheat products found in many other countries.

Additionally, the stone grinding of wheat in Italy preserves the whole wheat nutrition flavor and aroma, which also might offer a more digestible and gentle option for those with gluten sensitivities.

This difference in the food matrix can affect the bioavailability of gluten and its impact on health, offering potential insights into why some gluten-sensitive individuals might tolerate these products better.

In the latter part of this section, it is crucial to touch upon some history.

In the aftermath of World War II, scientists embarked on a well-intentioned journey to revolutionize our food system, aiming to enhance food security and prolong shelf life.


the scientific journey after WWII


This era marked the beginning of reduction science in food processing, focusing on individual components rather than the whole food matrix.

However, this approach led us down a path where the natural integrity of foods, particularly grains, was often compromised.

The pursuit of efficiency and preservation resulted in highly processed grain products that were stripped of their natural goodness, altering the way our bodies interact with these foods.


the scientific era


In stark contrast stands Italy, where the food narrative is shaped by a steadfast commitment to tradition and artisanal techniques.

While the U.S. embraced industrialization and heavy processing, Italy preserved its culinary heritage, prioritizing methods like slow fermentation in bread-making and the use of ancient grains.


U.S. embraced industrialization, Italy preserved its culinary heritage


This adherence to time-honored practices has ensured that Italian foods maintain their natural food matrix, making them more digestible and in tune with our bodies.

This fundamental difference in approach highlights why Italian foods are often perceived as "better", particularly for those sensitive to modern food processing methods.

In the end, the findings from this research highlight the importance of considering the food matrix in understanding the health effects of grain products, including those containing gluten, but are also complex due to the food matrix’s difficult history, structure and compactness, degree of starch gelatinization, fiber solubility, nutrient interaction, enzymatic bioaccessibility, and molecular interaction between nutrients.

What are reconstructed food matrices and how do they affect gluten quality?

As someone who cherishes the wholesomeness of food and values its impact on health, it's essential to explore the realm of reconstructed food matrices and their influence on gluten quality.

What is the whole grain bread you buy at the store really made out of? Do you ever wonder what reconstructed means?


What is the whole grain bread really made out of?


Turns out that whole grain bread is NOT whole wheat, it is just isolated, highly processed ingredients thrown back together.

One example is the bran. The bran is added back to the endosperm later and this is not even mentioning the forgotten germ.

This is what “reconstructed” means.

Think of it like “frankenfood” where each piece is artificially aligned to resemble the original piece and then put back together!


what does reconstructed mean? 

This is where reductionist science has failed us, making us believe we eat whole foods.

What we do not understand is that these matrices often miss a crucial element – the natural nutrients and digestibility found in whole grains.

When we indulge in these reconstructed foods, we're not just missing out on the nutritional benefits; we're also introducing our bodies to a form of gluten that might be more challenging to digest.

In a research paper published by Food Function, we find that the integrity of the food matrix is paramount.

The alteration of gluten in reconstructed matrices isn't merely a minor tweak; it's a change in the very fabric of wheat that can affect your digestive health.


alteration of gluten


For those of us who are finely attuned to our body's reactions to different foods, understanding this impact is crucial.

This research underscores a truth you've likely sensed: that the less we tamper with our food's natural structure, the more our bodies thank us.

It encourages a return to whole, minimally processed grains that respect the natural balance of nutrients and gluten. This isn't just about avoiding discomfort; it's about embracing foods that nourish and support our well-being.

This is my aim, our aim here at Papa Vince, to provide you with a product that is whole with all the original nutrients, no “frankenfood” here!


Papa Vince's Aim


Again as someone who has personally struggled, my goal and hope is that our product will make eating pasta a delight for those who have struggled so long.

So, when faced with the choice between a product made from a reconstructed food matrix and one that's whole and unrefined, I hope you may choose to consider our pasta!

What are the differences in gluten quality between ancient grains and modern wheat?

In our last section, we learned how reconstructed matrices affect our gluten quality, but another important thing to keep in mind is that it is not just about the processing of wheat, but also the origin of wheat itself.

Ancient grains vs modern grains, matters.

During the 1950’s we did not stop at just altering wheat processing, we had to go as far as using gamma radiation on our wheat to inbreed very select, few sets of genes that results in the “frankengluten” of today.

Let us look at some research which offers us a deeper understanding of the nuances of gluten quality between ancient grains and modern wheat.

To start off, the proteins glutenin and gliadin in ancient grains are less interconnected than in modern wheat, leading to a weaker and more digestible gluten network. 

Ancient grains like Einkorn, Emmer, and spelt not only differ in their gluten structure but also in the way they interact with our bodies.

Ancient grains possess a weaker gluten structure and higher gluten content compared to modern wheat.

They have been proven to create less of an immune system reaction in clinical studies.

The observable structural differences in gluten between ancient and modern wheat cultivars are related to the strength and elasticity of the gluten network. But the differences run much deeper.

Older wheat varieties inherently have the full spectrum of natural genes that express gluten and the wheat structure itself, whereas modern grains have a very limited set of genes in comparison!

The difference is thousands and thousands of genes, and this is why science has not fully caught up because of the tremendous complexity.

This difference isn't just a minor variation; it's a fundamental distinction that can significantly affect your digestive health and overall well-being.

The why and how of a higher gluten content being better is complicated to understand, but there is a growing body of research, both in animal studies and in clinical studies, showing that older wheat varieties have more anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects when compared to modern wheat.

Even though scientists do not know exactly which molecular mechanisms are involved, the health benefits of ancient and heritage wheat varieties are undeniable!


ancient grains vs modern grains matters


The research highlights that although ancient and modern wheat varieties might appear similar nutritionally, they elicit different physiological responses.

Ancient and heritage wheat varieties, with their different anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, offer a more gentle approach to gluten.

This is not just about ease of digestion but also about the potential to reduce inflammation, which is crucial for those who experience gluten sensitivity.

Moreover, the proteins glutenin and gliadin in ancient grains are less interconnected than in modern wheat, leading to a weaker and more digestible gluten network.

This structural difference means that the gluten in ancient grains is inherently gentler on the digestive system, making them a suitable choice for those with gluten sensitivities.

Furthermore, the study suggests that the health benefits attributed to older wheat cultivars could be related to components that positively modulate intestinal inflammation and permeability.

Imagine savoring a nutrient-rich pasta dish, each bite giving you comfort.

With ancient grains as its foundation, this meal not only promises a delightful culinary experience but also aligns with your pursuit of digestive well-being.

It's a future where enjoying delectable foods no longer means compromising on comfort.

In summary, the differences in gluten quality between ancient grains and modern wheat are significant, with ancient grains offering a more digestible and potentially anti-inflammatory option.

What are the key structural differences between ancient grains and modern wheat?

Based on the study we have already mentioned above here is a list view of these differences between ancient and modern wheats and how they impact not only your digestibility but also your physiological effects on the body:

1. Gluten Structure and Content: Ancient grains, like Einkorn, Emmer, and spelt, have a different gluten structure compared to modern wheat. They have a weaker gluten network due to less interconnected glutenin and gliadin proteins. Additionally, the overall gluten content is typically lower in ancient grains.

2. Digestibility: The weaker and less complex gluten structure in ancient grains makes them more digestible. This is especially significant for individuals with gluten sensitivities, as this type of gluten is less likely to cause digestive discomfort or adverse reactions.

3. Physiological Responses: The study indicates that ancient and modern wheat varieties, despite their nutritional similarities, elicit different physiological responses in the body. Ancient grains are associated with less inflammatory and immunological reactions compared to modern wheat varieties. This could be due to differences in protein composition and the presence of other bioactive compounds.

4. Anti-inflammatory Properties: Ancient grains may have potential anti-inflammatory properties. This is crucial for those with gluten sensitivities, as gluten-related disorders often involve inflammatory responses in the gut.

5. Intestinal Health: These two studies below suggest that ancient grains might have components that positively modulate intestinal inflammation and permeability. This aspect is particularly relevant for maintaining a healthy gut environment, especially for individuals with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease.


structural differences in grains


The research showing this will be down below in the next section!

In the Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Triticum turgidum subsp. turanicum wheat 2014 study the findings were:

- Findings: The study found that a diet based on this ancient wheat variety led to improvements in symptoms of IBS compared to a control group consuming modern wheat. It suggested that the ancient wheat variety might be better tolerated by IBS patients and could potentially be beneficial in managing the symptoms of this condition.

In the study on Khorasan Wheat and Microbiota, the findings were:

-Findings: In healthy volunteers, a diet based on Khorasan wheat showed a tendency to decrease in Bacteroides/Prevotella, associated with an increased release of short-chain fatty acids. This suggests a beneficial effect of Khorasan wheat ( an ancient grain wheat) on gut microbiota, potentially leading to improved gut health. The study underscores the need for further research to fully understand the role of ancient or heritage wheat varieties in microbiota ecology, especially in relation to functional intestinal disorders and wheat-related disease

These studies highlight the potential health benefits of ancient wheat varieties, particularly in terms of improving gut health and managing conditions like irritable bowel syndrome.

According to the research, these ancient grains are notably more digestible and far less likely to prompt any digestive discomfort; science is proving it all!

What are the potential anti-inflammatory properties of ancient grains?

Ancient grains like Einkorn, Emmer, and spelt are gaining recognition not only for their rich history but also for their potential health benefits, particularly regarding their anti-inflammatory properties.

These properties are highlighted in a study from Nutrients, which examines the differential physiological responses elicited by ancient and heritage wheat cultivars compared to modern ones.

1. Anti-Inflammatory and Antioxidant Properties:

Studies show that ancient and heritage wheat varieties exhibit notable anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

These properties are crucial because they may provide beneficial effects on cardiovascular health, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome.

The lower gluten content, higher fiber, and the presence of antioxidants in ancient grains contribute to these anti-inflammatory effects.

2. Clinical Studies on Human Health:

Clinical intervention trials have demonstrated the positive impact of consuming heritage wheat cultivars.

These studies have reported significant reductions in blood cholesterol, glucose levels, and inflammatory markers in individuals consuming ancient grain-based diets compared to those consuming modern wheat-based diets.

This suggests that ancient grains can play a role in managing and potentially improving various health conditions related to inflammation and metabolism.

3. Implications for Dietary Recommendations:

The findings from all this research imply that ancient and heritage wheat varieties could be more than just a dietary alternative; they might offer substantial health benefits.

This is particularly relevant for individuals dealing with inflammatory and metabolic conditions. The study encourages a reevaluation of dietary recommendations, highlighting the importance of considering the type of wheat consumed, not just the quantity.

Here are the studies I have mentioned above and their findings, as it is not just one, but many!


Potential Anti-Inflammatory Research Studies


1. A randomized crossover study involving 22 patients with acute coronary syndrome found that consumption of Khorasan wheat, as opposed to modern wheat, led to a decrease in total cholesterol, LDL-C, fasting glucose, and insulin. These changes were not observed with the consumption of modern wheat cultivars.

2. Another study involving 40 patients diagnosed with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) found that a diet based on Khorasan wheat (ancient grain wheat) resulted in a significant decrease in markers of liver function (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase) and cholesterolemia. Additionally, significant decreases were observed in some pro-inflammatory circulating cytokines (IL-1ra, IL-8, and Tumor necrosis factor alpha) in NAFLD patients after the dietary intervention with Khorasan heritage wheat..

3. A randomized crossover pilot study with 20 professional or semi-professional athletes showed that a Khorasan-based diet for four weeks significantly reduced blood levels of the Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), a pro-inflammatory chemokine produced by muscle during strenuous activity.

4. Ancient grain varieties have been shown to have some beneficial effects on health. Forty-five clinically healthy subjects were included in a randomized, double-blinded crossover trial aimed at evaluating the effect of a replacement diet with bread derived from ancient grain varieties versus modern grain variety on cardiovascular risk profile. After 8 weeks of intervention, consumption of bread obtained by the ancient varieties showed a significant amelioration of various cardiovascular parameters.

5. A randomized double-blind study involving 20 subjects with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) showed that switching from a modern wheat-based diet to a Khorasan-based diet resulted in a significant reduction in symptom severity and a decrease in serum levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

These studies present a compelling case of ancient grains over modern grains and are great proof that we need to start making this shift in our diets!

Remember, these grains are not just a nod to the culinary practices of the past but might be a key to better health in our present and future, especially for those seeking natural ways to manage inflammation and promote overall wellness, and science is here to prove it again and again!

Why are gluten products different in Italy vs the U.S.?

The differences in gluten free foods between Italy and the U.S. spark a lot of curiosity and, often, some misconceptions.

One common belief is that Italian wheat is inherently less glutenous compared to wheat grown elsewhere, suggesting that the location itself might be the reason. However, this is not entirely accurate.

Firstly, let's address this myth: the protein composition of wheat, which includes gluten, is primarily influenced by genetic factors and the specific growing conditions, rather than the geographic location.


gluten products-are they different in Italy?


This means that Italian wheat isn't necessarily less glutenous by default.

Instead, a reason why gluten is different is because the type of wheat used and how it's cultivated plays a pivotal role in determining its gluten content and quality.


Are they different in Italy vs the U.S.?


Here at Papa Vince, we share this passion, and it is why our Tumminia pasta is made with whole wheat ancient grains grown under the Sicilian sun, and milled with natural stone.

Additionally, our pasta is cultivated with care and precision as it is extruded with bronze dies and dried at temperatures below 38°C, ensuring its integral quality.

Because of careful cultivation, our pastas are actually high in heat sensitive polyphenols.

This artisanal processing, done with lots of care, ensures that you are able to have a pasta experience free of worry on whether the gluten will affect you or not!

It's essential to recognize and remember that in Italy Italians pride themselves on the fact that food should be enjoyed.

Food is meant to be fresh, and food is meant to be nutritious. Everyone should be able to go out and enjoy food with their family and friends!


Papa Vince Pasta


This is why they put so much care and love into each and everyone of their dishes and products, and is another reason as to why they may have more gluten free options. 

Lastly, the processing and preparation methods used in Italy for wheat-based products can differ significantly from those in the U.S.

For example, traditional Italian baking practices often incorporate long fermentation processes, like those used in making sourdough bread.

These methods can influence the gluten structure, potentially making it easier to digest for some individuals.

In contrast, the U.S. might use more modern, rapid processing techniques, which could affect the digestibility and overall quality of the gluten in the final product.

In summary, while the gluten content in wheat is not inherently different due to geography, the types of wheat used, agricultural practices, and culinary methods contribute to the variations in gluten products between Italy and the U.S.

These factors, coupled with the topics we mentioned, could be why gluten products might be perceived differently in these two countries.

How do traditional Italian baking practices differ from those in the United States?

During a trip to Italy, I tentatively tried a traditional sourdough bread, expecting the usual discomfort. Surprisingly, I felt fine, a stark contrast to my experiences back home.

This experience opened my eyes to the impact of Italy's traditional bread-making on my gluten sensitivity.

The art of baking in Italy is steeped in tradition and carries with it methods that not only enrich the flavor but may also offer health benefits, especially in terms of gluten digestibility.

Here are some differences that answer the why of this:

1. Use of Ancient Grains:

In Italy, the use of ancient grains such as Einkorn and Emmer is more prevalent than in the U.S. These grains are known for their weaker gluten structure and lower gluten content, which, as discussed earlier, may contribute to easier digestibility and reduced digestive discomfort.

2. Slow Drying Techniques:

Traditional Italian baking and pasta-making often involve slow drying techniques.

These methods are a stark contrast to the high-temperature industrial processes used in the U.S. for fastening bread baking or pasta drying.

The slower, more natural drying process in Italy can help maintain the integrity of the wheat protein, making it more digestible.

3. Sourdough Starter:

Another key difference is the use of natural sourdough starters in Italian food, specifically bread-making.

Sourdough fermentation can break down gluten to a certain extent, making it easier to digest.

This traditional method is less common in the U.S., where commercial yeast and faster fermentation processes are more typical.

4. Industrial Processes in the U.S.:

Conversely, in the United States, the focus tends to be on efficiency and scalability.

This approach often leads to the use of modern wheat cultivars that are higher in gluten and the adoption of industrial baking processes.

These processes might include the use of additives and preservatives to extend shelf life and improve texture, but they can also affect the digestibility of gluten.

In summary, traditional Italian baking practices, with their emphasis on ancient grains, slow drying techniques, and natural sourdough fermentation, differ significantly from the more modern, industrialized methods prevalent in the United States.

Is Italy Celiac and Gluten-Free Friendly?

For those of us who prioritize finding delicious food that aligns with our gluten-free or celiac needs, Italy might come as a delightful surprise.

Contrary to what one might expect from a country famed for its pasta and pizza, Italy is remarkably celiac and gluten-free friendly, offering a haven for those seeking culinary joy without the gluten-related discomfort.

Understanding the Landscape:

In Italy, awareness and understanding of celiac disease and gluten sensitivities are impressively high. This awareness isn't just confined to the healthcare system but is deeply woven into the fabric of the culinary world.

 As someone who values good, whole foods that are easy to digest, you'll find that Italy embraces this ethos with open arms.

Italian Celiac Associations and Labeling Laws:

Italy has strong celiac associations and stringent food labeling laws, ensuring that gluten-free options are readily available and clearly marked.

For example a very famous celiac association is Associazione Italiana Celiachia.


Is Italy Celiac and Gluten Free Friendly?


This level of care and attention means you can navigate Italian menus with ease and confidence, knowing that your needs aren't just an afterthought but a well-considered aspect of food preparation and presentation.

Gluten-Free Options in Restaurants:

Many gluten free restaurants across Italy offer gluten-free options, and not just in major tourist areas.

There are also restaurants with stickers on their doors showing that they are celiac friendly!

Chefs are accustomed to preparing meals that cater to celiac and gluten-free requirements, often using separate cooking areas to avoid cross-contamination.

This means you can indulge in a gluten-free version of classic Italian dishes, from risottos to even gluten-free pasta and gluten free pizza, without sacrificing flavor or authenticity.

Supermarkets and Local Stores:

Even outside of a gluten free restaurant option, supermarkets and local stores in Italy are well-stocked with gluten-free products.

These range from pasta and bread to snacks, ensuring that you have access to a variety of choices for every meal.

Cultural Acceptance:

Cultural acceptance and understanding of dietary restrictions in Italy make it easier for someone with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease to dine out and enjoy food without anxiety.


Cultural Acceptance 

It's a society that values the joy of eating and goes to great lengths to ensure that this joy is accessible to everyone, regardless of dietary restrictions.

In summary, Italy not only accommodates but warmly welcomes those with celiac disease and gluten sensitivities.

How can you make informed choices about gluten-friendly products?

Navigating the world of gluten-friendly products, especially while traveling in a country like Italy, requires a combination of knowledge, awareness, and a few handy resources.

Making informed choices is key to ensuring that your dietary needs are met without compromising on taste and quality.

1. Understanding Gluten Labeling Regulations:

Being well-versed in gluten labeling regulations is crucial. In Italy, as in many parts of Europe, the labeling laws are strict, making it easier to identify gluten-free products.

Look for labels that specifically state 'senza glutine' (gluten-free) as these products meet the stringent European standards for gluten content, which is less than 20 parts per million.

2. Supporting Responsible Farming Practices:

Opting for products from companies that support responsible farming practices can also be beneficial. These practices often involve growing ancient grain varieties or using methods that minimize chemical use, both of which can be gentler on your digestive system.

3. Prioritizing Businesses Using Ancient Grains and Gentler Processing Methods:

Seek out businesses, especially local bakeries and artisan producers, that prioritize ancient grains and use natural fermentation or slow processing methods.

These establishments are more likely to produce food that aligns with your gluten free diet needs.

Here are some resources for Gluten-Free Travelers in Italy:

-Italian Celiac Association (AIC):

The AIC provides a wealth of information, including lists of gluten-free restaurants and shops across Italy. They even have a mobile app, 'AIC Mobile,' which can be a handy guide when you're on the go.

-Travel Blogs and Forums:

Platforms like GlutenFreeTravelSite and offer reviews and tips from fellow gluten-free travelers. These can be invaluable for finding hidden gems and getting first-hand advice.

- Local Health Grocery Stores:

Many health food stores in Italy stock a wide range of gluten-free products. Don't hesitate to ask for recommendations from local staff; they're often well-informed and happy to help.

- Social Media Groups:

Joining gluten-free or celiac groups on social media platforms can provide insights and recommendations from a community that shares your dietary needs.

In summary, making informed choices about gluten-friendly products while in Italy involves a mix of understanding labeling laws, supporting responsible practices, and knowing where to find the right resources.

How can you optimize and embrace your diet for gluten sensitivity?

Optimizing your diet for gluten sensitivity involves choosing whole, unprocessed foods and incorporating ancient grains like Einkorn or spelt into my meals.

By focusing on naturally gluten-free options like fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fats, you can ensure a well-rounded and nutritious diet that supports my overall health.

Additionally, being mindful of food labels and avoiding products with hidden sources of gluten is crucial in managing my gluten sensitivity.

I prioritize recipes made with whole ingredients to avoid unnecessary additives or preservatives, helping me maintain a balanced and gluten-conscious lifestyle.

Embracing a diet tailored to my gluten sensitivity means exploring the versatility of ancient grains in cooking while also prioritizing foods with anti-inflammatory properties.

By making informed choices about the sources of my food and supporting responsible farming practices, I can create meal plans that not only cater to my dietary needs but also contribute to sustainable agriculture.

Choosing nutrient-dense foods rich in antioxidants further aids in managing inflammation associated with gluten sensitivity while promoting overall wellness.

Embracing a gluten-conscious lifestyle involves making informed choices about the products I consume.

Prioritizing businesses that use ancient grains and gentler processing methods not only supports responsible farming practices but also ensures that I am nourishing my body with high-quality ingredients.

By adopting a mindful approach to gluten consumption and exploring the culinary possibilities of ancient grains, I can enjoy a diverse range of flavorful dishes while taking care of my well-being.

I hope this blog was enlightening and answered your queries about feeling so different in Italy vs the states.

As stated before, this issue is near and dear to my heart, that is why my biggest goal with Papa Vince was to import whole products because I firmly believe as every other Italian, that food is meant to be enjoyed!


Thank you for reading!



Can gluten intolerant eat pasta in Italy?

Yes, many gluten-intolerant individuals find they can eat pasta in Italy, thanks to the widespread availability of gluten-free options and traditional methods of pasta making that often involve ancient grains and slower processing techniques. These factors, combined with Italy's strict food labeling laws, make it easier for those with gluten sensitivities to enjoy pasta without discomfort.

Why is Italian flour different?

Italian flour is often different due to the use of traditional and ancient wheat varieties like Einkorn and Emmer, which have a different gluten structure compared to modern wheat. These grains are typically processed using gentler methods, preserving their natural qualities and making them more digestible. Additionally, Italian milling processes often produce flour that retains more of the original grain's nutrients and fiber, contributing to its unique characteristics.

Is pasta in Italy healthier?

Pasta in Italy can be considered healthier for some individuals, particularly because it often incorporates ancient grain varieties and undergoes traditional processing methods that might preserve more nutrients and result in a more digestible form of gluten. Additionally, the emphasis on fresh, high-quality ingredients and the absence of additives common in more industrialized pasta production contribute to its overall healthfulness.

Can I eat pasta in Italy if I'm sensitive to gluten?

If you are sensitive to gluten, look for establishments that offer gluten-free pasta options.

Does Italian bread have less gluten than American bread?

Italian bread can vary in its gluten content; some traditional recipes might contain less, but it depends on the specific type of bread.

Are there a lot of gluten-free options available in Italy?

Yes, many restaurants and stores in Italy cater to those requiring a gluten-free diet with various options available.

Disclaimer: The content in this blog is for informational purposes only and should not be taken as professional medical advice. 


Study on a shift towards a new holistic paradigm with help to preserve and better process grain products’ food structure for improving their health benefits. Food & Function, 2015.

Date Accessed: 1/23/2024

Fardet, A. (2015). A shift toward a new holistic paradigm will help to preserve and better process grain products' food structure for improving their health effects. Food & Function, 6(2), 363-382. doi: 10.1039/c4fo00477a



Study about the Differential Physiological Responses Elicited by Ancient and Heritage Wheat Cultivars Compared to Modern Ones. Nutrients, 2019. 

Date Accessed: 1/12/2024

Spisni, E., Imbesi, V., Giovanardi, E., Petrocelli, G., Alvisi, P., & Valerii, M. C. (2019). Differential Physiological Responses Elicited by Ancient and Heritage Wheat Cultivars Compared to Modern Ones. Nutrients, 11(12), 2879.



Study on Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients: Nutrients, 2015.

Date Accessed: 1/23/2024

Whittaker, A.; Sofi, F.; Luisi, M.L.; Rafanelli, E.; Fiorillo, C.; Becatti, M.; Abbate, R.; Casini, A.; Gensini, G.F.; Benedettelli, S. An organic khorasan wheat-based replacement diet improves risk profile of patients with acute coronary syndrome: a randomized crossover trial. Nutrients 2015, 7, 3401–3415. 



Study on Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) Patients:, Nutrients, 2018. 

Date Accessed: 1/22/2024

Dinu, M.; Whittaker, A.; Pagliai, G.; Giangrandi, I.; Colombini, B.; Gori, A.M.; Fiorillo, C.; Becatti, M.; Casini, A.; Benedettelli, S.; et al. A Khorasan Wheat-Based Replacement Diet Improves Risk Profile of Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): A Randomized Clinical Trial. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 2018, 37, 508–514.



Randomized Crossover Study with Athletes, Food Agric, 2019. 

Date Accessed: 1/23/2024

Spisni, E.; Valerii, M.C.; De Fazio, L.; Rotondo, E.; Di Natale, M.; Giovanardi, E.; Posabella, G.; Bregola, V.; Stenico, V.; Sferrazza, R.E.; et al. A Khorasan wheat-based diet improves systemic inflammatory profile in semi-professional basketball players: A randomized crossover pilot study. J. Sci. Food Agric. 2019.



Cardiovascular Benefits from Ancient Bread Consumption, Food Science Nutrition, 2017. 

Date Accessed: 1/23/2024

Sereni, A.; Cesari, F.; Gori, A.M.; Maggini, N.; Marcucci, R.; Casini, A.; Sofi, F. Cardiovascular benefits from ancient grain bread consumption: findings from a double-blinded randomized crossover intervention trial. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 2017, 68, 97–103.



A randomized double-blind study involving 20 subjects with irritable bowel syndrome Nutr. 2014

Date Accessed 1/23/2024

Sofi, F.; Whittaker, A.; Gori, A.M.; Cesari, F.; Surrenti, E.; Abbate, R.; Gensini, G.F.; Benedettelli, S.; Casini, A Effect of Triticum turgidum subsp. turanicum wheat on irritable bowel syndrome: A double-blinded randomized dietary intervention trial. Br. J. Nutr. 2014, 111, 1992–1999



Study on Khorasan Wheat and Microbiota, Food Res Int, 2014. 

Date Accessed: 1/23/2024

Taneyo Saa, D.; Turroni, S.; Serrazanetti, D.I.; Rampelli, S.; Maccaferri, S.; Candela, M.; Severgnini, M.; Simonetti, E.; Brigidi, P.; Gianotti, A. Impact of Kamut® Khorasan on gut microbiota and metabolome in healthy volunteers. Food Res. Int. 2014, 63, 227–232, doi101016/jfoodres201404005.



A study on The Effect of Lutein on Eye and Extra-Eye Health, Nutrients, 2018. 

Date accessed: 1/25/2024

Buscemi, S.; Corleo, D.; Di Pace, F.; Petroni, M.L.; Satriano, A.; Marchesini, G. The Effect of Lutein on Eye and Extra-Eye Health. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1321. [CrossRef]



Evaluation of antioxidative and diabetes-preventive properties of an ancient grain, KAMUT® khorasan wheat, in healthy volunteers, Nutrients, 2019. 

Date Accessed: 1/25/2024

Trozzi, C.; Raffaelli, F.; Vignini, A.; Nanetti, L.; Gesuita, R.; Mazzanti, L. Evaluation of antioxidative and diabetes-preventive properties of an ancient grain, KAMUT®khorasan wheat, in healthy volunteers. Eur. J. Nutr. 2019, 58, 151–161. [CrossRef] 



Responses of peripheral blood mononucleated cells from non-celiac gluten sensitive patients to various cereal sources, Food Chem, 2015. 

Date Accessed: 1/25/2024

Valerii, M.C.; Ricci, C.; Spisni, E.; Di Silvestro, R.; De Fazio, L.; Cavazza, E.; Lanzini, A.; Campieri, M.; Dalpiaz, A.; Pavan, B.; et al. Responses of peripheral blood mononucleated cells from non-celiac gluten sensitive patients to various cereal sources. Food Chem. 2015, 176, 167–174. [CrossRef]



Nutritional Wheat Amylase-Trypsin Inhibitors Promote Intestinal Inflammation via Activation of Myeloid Cells, Gastroenterology, 2017. 

Date Accessed: 1/15/2024

Zevallos, V.F.; Raker, V.; Tenzer, S.; Jimenez-Calvente, C.; Ashfaq-Khan, M.; Rüssel, N.; Pickert, G.; Schild, H.; Steinbrink, K.; Schuppan, D. Nutritional Wheat Amylase-Trypsin Inhibitors Promote Intestinal Inflammation via Activation of Myeloid Cells. Gastroenterology 2017, 152, 1100–1113.e12. [CrossRef] [PubMed]



Responses of blood mononucleated cells and clinical outcome of non-celiac gluten sensitive pediatric patients to various cereal sources: a pilot study, Food Science and Nutrition, 2017.

Date Accessed: 1/25/2024

Alvisi, P.; De Fazio, L.; Valerii, M.C.; Cavazza, E.; Salerno, A.; Lacorte, D.; Dinelli, G.; Spisni, E. Responses of blood mononucleated cells and clinical outcome of non-celiac gluten sensitive pediatric patients to various cereal sources: A pilot study. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 2017, 68, 1005–1012. [CrossRef]



A Khorasan Wheat-Based Replacement Diet Improves Risk Profile of Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): A Randomized Clinical Trial, Nutrition, 2018.

Date Accessed: 1/25/2024

Dinu, M.; Whittaker, A.; Pagliai, G.; Giangrandi, I.; Colombini, B.; Gori, A.M.; Fiorillo, C.; Becatti, M.; Casini, A.; Benedettelli, S.; et al. A Khorasan Wheat-Based Replacement Diet Improves Risk Profile of Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): A Randomized Clinical Trial. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 2018, 37, 508–514. [CrossRef] [PubMed] 



A Khorasan wheat-based diet improves systemic inflammatory profile in semi-professional basketball players: a randomized crossover pilot study, Science Food Agriculture, 2019. 

Date Accessed: 1/25/2024

Spisni, E.; Valerii, M.C.; De Fazio, L.; Rotondo, E.; Di Natale, M.; Giovanardi, E.; Posabella, G.; Bregola, V.; Stenico, V.; Sferrazza, R.E.; et al. A Khorasan wheat-based diet improves systemic inflammatory profile in semi-professional basketball players: A randomized crossover pilot study. J. Sci. Food Agric. 2019. [CrossRef] 



Triticum monococcum in patients with celiac disease: a phase II open study on safety of prolonged daily administration, Nutrition, 2015. 

Date Accessed: 1/15/2024

Zanini, B.; Villanacci, V.; De Leo, L.; Lanzini, A. Triticum monococcum in patients with celiac disease: A phase II open study on safety of prolonged daily administration. Eur. J. Nutr. 2015, 54, 1027–1029. [CrossRef] [PubMed] 


 De La Heart Blog 

Date Accessed : 1/15/2024










Previous Article Next Article
Klarna Litecoin Maestro Mastercard PayPal Shop Pay SOFORT Visa